Duration – 2 hours
Time – any day, all year round
The number of people in the group is from 1 st
Irkutsk is one of the oldest Siberian cities, so there are so many large museums and monuments that preserve the historical and cultural heritage of the city. We invite you to visit the most interesting museums of Irkutsk, telling about the history of the city, the life of famous figures, as well as the flora and fauna of the region.
Local History Museum
The museum was founded in 1782. Currently, the museum stores more than 400 thousand exhibits. The structure of the museum includes the history department, the nature department, the Spasskaya Church exhibition hall, the fund department and the scientific library. The exposition “History of the Irkutsk region from the Paleolith to our days” introduces a collection of ethnographic items made of bone, wood, metal, clothing of almost all the peoples of Siberia. The museum has the largest collection of items of the Orthodox cult, shamanism, Lamaism, a collection of jewelry, weapons.
The Museum of the Decembrists
In the center of Irkutsk there is a historical and memorial complex “Decembrists in Siberia”. It consists of two ancient princely estates, once belonging to Sergei Grigoryevich Volkonsky and Sergei Petrovich Trubetskoi. Both princes were participants in the uprising on Senate Square on December 14, 1825, for which they became “state criminals”. The participants of the uprising, which in history are more known as the Decembrists, were exiled to Siberia.
Decembrists received punishment in the form of hard labor. On the orders of the Tsar, the “criminals” were to be kept in complete isolation. But the faithful wives and brides of the Decembrists went to Siberia, becoming secretaries of their husbands and morally supporting the condemned. In exile the Decembrists had to live according to numerous instructions, including they were forbidden to engage in public work, for example, pedagogy. But most of them considered it their duty to use a word and an example to serve the cause they dedicated themselves to. Therefore, the Decembrists had a great influence on the development of culture, science and education in Siberia.
The Sukachev Art Museum is one of the oldest and richest museums in the city. The museum was founded in 1870 by a prominent public figure V.P. Sukachev. Thanks to the private collection of Sukachev, Irkutsk residents could see original works by Russian and European artists of the 19th century: Repin, Shishkin, Aivazovsky, Raphael, Rubens. Currently, the museum presents a rich collection of ancient Russian and Siberian icons, a cult wooden sculpture of the XVIII century. The portrait gallery of the Russian collection of the museum contains paintings by V.D. Polenova, V.A. Tropinina, I.E. Repin, V.M. Vasnetsova, etc. In the collection of Western European painting there are paintings by masters of Holland, Flanders, France, Italy and England of the XVII-XIX centuries. The collection of works of Japan and China includes all kinds of art – painting, porcelain, wooden, metal, stone products from III to XX century.
Gallery of Contemporary Art by Victor Bronstein
Gallery of Modern Art was opened by Irkutsk businessman and public figure Viktor Bronshtein in 2011. At the moment, this is the largest exhibition space in Siberia, in the permanent exhibition of which about 1500 works. Here is the work of contemporary Irkutsk and Siberian artists and sculptors – Vitaly Rogal, Dashi Namdakov, Vitaly Smagin, Vladimir Maksimov and many others.
The Baikal seal is a symbol of Baikal, one of the most beautiful of its inhabitants. Irkutsk Nerpinarium is the only one of its kind, because the seals live only in Baikal and they can not be taken away from the Motherland. Nerpa is difficult to see in its natural habitat because of its secrecy and timidity. In the Irkutsk Nerpinarium, in addition to familiarity with the nature of the seal, its behavior, you can see the world’s first show of trained seals. They can sing, dance, play with the ball and even count.